Scientific research in the field of Biomedicine has placed increasing demands on the quality of biomaterials, used for scientific purposes in recent years. In that connection, installation of biobanks as structural divisions of research and clinical medical centers is becoming a global trend.
There are several definitions of the concept of Biobank.
According to the definition of the International society of biological and environmental repositories ISBER, a BIOBANK is an officially formed, physically existing or virtual institution that can receive, process, store and/or distribute samples and/or biospecimens, as well as associated data, for current or future use.
A Biobank is a structure created for the purpose of long-term responsible storage of biological samples of various origins and associated data for their further use in scientific and clinical research (HallmansG., VaughtJ.B.).
Depending on the type of stored biomaterial and the purpose of its further use, there are several main types of biobanks: research, clinical, population, and mixed.
The requirements for all biobanks are the same:
strict compliance with ethical requirements and responsible attitude to personal data of patients and donors
standardization of procedures for processing, transportation and storage of biomaterials
collection and responsible storage of information associated with biological samples.